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《Integrated internet marketing》RT Watson，2000
《Marketing to postmodern consumers introcing the internet chameleon》G Simmons , 2008
《Marketing on the Internet- who can benefit from an online marketing approach》MY Kiang, 2000
Ⅲ 高分悬赏啊。求一篇或者两篇 关于网络营销外文以及翻译
The network marketing and traditional marketing what's different? The network marketing theoretically, the Internet, no time, by many regional limits and even means also greatly ahead, contain great business opportunity. Practically, it also or marketing, just with the high-tech means, he also has a management idea problem, also have strategic planning questions, there's a environmental analysis, a target market, a marketing strategy and method of performance, market competition and develop such problems, the off-line (the traditional marketing) all do bad enterprise, it is impossible to do in Internet marketing. A, management concept 1, ShiChangGuan problem Online "DengKeShangMen" is still relatively common, "selling concept" also has a large market, this regarding the effect of Internet marketing has a great effect. The initiative to understand and analyze the market environment, keenly feel market, find market opportunities and threats, the market for marketing or business, summarize unceasingly and use of market rules and mechanisms, make full use of market resources, these problems in online also need attention. And the off-line marketing without substantial difference. Without these, off-line slow-moving, online also not marketable; Offline you will only DengKeShangMen, online you wouldn't the initiative; Offline you only can call "this enterprise proction XXX, breed together, complete in specification, competitive price, welcome to our customers throughout", "general manager XXX with all the staffs greet you!" Selling advertising, online, you have a "science and technology humanist." , "create tomorrow's new life!" The idea of advertising, even if such, may contain imitation nature, very pale, because behavior need concept and level do inside information. 2, gu objective problem The following about customers view though conventional marketing, but also to the network marketing has revealed: -- have customer is actually an important resource of enterprises, the resources even more important than capital, labor, so enterprises should take customers as an important resources to run and attention; - although the final purpose is enterprise profit, but to meet the customer is the most fundamental means. Constructing "the customer center" management and marketing model and marketing clues help enterprises to better achieve this goal; - stand in "the customer position" consider may help prevent enterprise operating in the error and long-term development, and not hamper the enterprise their goals. Enterprise in concept should first turn; - "the customer center" the idea to melt into enterprise culture, enterprise organization, operating, want careful to each link, to into employee consciously action. Implement the "gu objective" at the very least, the starting point and the breakthrough lies in understanding the customer, familiar with customers, relatively high level is the pursuit of customer satisfaction, higher level is the customer as an enterprise of "important resources" to business and care. The network marketing if did not realize the importance of customers and no analysis of the characteristics and needs of the customers, cannot achieve customer satisfaction, its effect is of course the discount. Some enterprise network marketing means also revealed its customers "position" or not seriously consider "customers position". 3, strategic concept problems At large, global focus on planning, small, the ability to implement ornamented with attitude, can also affect the network marketing, lack of an overview ability and ideas, and there is no effective implementation of means, network marketing may not well. What is the status of the network, and your customers in the target market is where, how, what, market target marketing steps, marketing measures, key and breakthrough? I'm afraid all is to consider. The market need planning, customer need planned measures, marketing tool needs a system arrangement. 4, opportunities view problems Online unlimited business opportunities, how do you go to find it, discover it, analyze it and use it? The current market opportunities for operators, the operation, quality, experience, information processing power and means have higher requirements. Just think: a total enterprises, an even basic work is done bad enterprise, can adapt to the information society and the information platform needs? ! 5, innovation and pioneering conceptual problem The network itself is innovation results. Internet marketing methods, means, customer contact, trading methods and so on innovation and and the traditional marketing, flowers bloom, like emerge in endlessly, it is further expand the important means business credentials. Just website case, just those waking enterprise and old total photos, proct photos, enterprise introction, honorary certificate within less than effect, I'm afraid. Second, marketing tool Use "online peddler" calls many enterprise "network marketing" means is much. Just for a site, it didn't call the advantages of the Internet into full play, but is the practice of the off-line brought to online. The network marketing means, as with realistic marketing and has great creative entomological12 society, far more than "sell" and "peddled" and "advertising". At least the following method can realize: online 1, at present a lot of enterprise dedicated procts and service marketing and advertising sales; 2, attract and train, operation customer resources (to attract potential customers, understand customer, customer communication, to cultivate customer loyalty depth); Three, market information collection and processing (many enterprise noticed who "buy" what, need what, actually, customer information, procts information, technical information, competitive information, information instry, the policy is not only real marketing information... must be, network marketing can also be important information source added); 4, Internet marketing management, the author will encounter some enterprise, hope for their development network marketing work platform, the solicitor platform, customer platform is some good practices; 5, corporate image of the publicity and promotion; 6, online public relations; 7 and online customer service; 8, on-line enterprise cooperation; So on, including various enterprises create more means, more features. Online marketing invalid, may be realistic marketing of these means are not in value result is marketing also stay in "selling concept" performance. Three, marketing style problem Marketing not pragmatic, eager, blundering wind also reflect on the network. Build a web site and send some e-mails, they want to receive one transaction, the hope customers buying immediately, the management process of the reality doesn't lay the foundation of the blood, toil, enterprise management level of the enterprise's business credit enhancement, and establish, enterprise customer resources' training, enterprise technical quality progress, cultivate enterprise competitive advantage, where is the day will achieve no advantage in offline, is the advantage on the net? Even the site itself, also not the wish input, expect the "bottom line, even network marketing" as is "without this marketing". Often hear a enterprise said, I built on the Internet websites, how will not bring a transaction, even visit people have no! He who seem hinting cause. Website customers come from visitors, and customer is proced by numerous visitors, you don't go to understand visitors (possible customer), where nakedly, lack of fundamental attraction peddle, again not to cultivate visitors resources, who come to visit you. Web site again not planning, content and insipid, information updates, and even fewer mistakes, some enterprises or even proct prices have, some enterprise in different page price and type is paradoxical. Can you say this kind of practice is responsible earnestly, pragmatic? Not on the Internet still good, just exposes his management style. The network marketing, no target market, and no target market, no effective marketing mix strategy, no systematic thinking and planning, no foundation work dependably how can you be? Although the network marketing and traditional marketing in the way a lot of difference, but marketing in common is mutually, to do "network marketing", must have the ability to do the traditional marketing, can more effectively, more and more channels for a greater scope on make full use of the Internet tools and resources 。
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A, web strategy
In the network market space enterprise website which represents the enterprise's own image. So you must:
1. Take good website propaganda and strengthen url
2. Carefully planned site structure
3. Maintaining a website great effort
2. Proct strategy
1. The enterprise can through the analysis of online consumer's overall characteristics to determine the most suitable for online sales of procts.
2. The proct was much broader coverage of the market.
3. Communicate directly with customers, providing personalized service.
3. The price strategy
1. Enterprises can develop a automatic adjustment system, at the same time can also carry out market research, and access to relevant information to adjust the price.
2. The development of the intelligent negotiation system and consumers directly to negotiate prices on the Internet.
3. Enterprises can open in this enterprise from concept to consumer prices in the catalog are proceres, prompt consumers to make purchase decisions.
4. The promotion strategy
1. Online advertising is the common way of promotion.
2. The using function of network chat, the consumer fellowship activities or online proct exhibitions and promotional activities.
3. The online promotion alliance with non competitive vendors.
4. Network culture and the integration of proct advertising, with the characteristics of network culture to attract consumers.
5. The channel strategy
1. Combining with the related instry company, second-hand sale series of procts on the Internet.
2. In the enterprise to set up a virtual store on the website.
3. Can be directly use E-mail for online shopping, also can through the transfer by t/t payment, by company to delivery goods by post mail or door-to-door delivery.
6. The network marketing customer service
Through the implementation of an interactive marketing strategy, to provide satisfactory customer service is the key to the success of many enterprises network marketing. The main tool of customer service online email, electronic BBS, FAQ, etc
Internet marketing, also referred to as online marketing or eMarketing (or e-Marketing), is the marketing of procts or services over the Internet. The Internet has brought many unique benefits to marketing including low costs in distributing information and media to a global audience. The interactive nature of Internet marketing, both in terms of instant response and in eliciting response, are unique qualities of the medium.
Internet marketing ties together creative and technical aspects of the internet, including design, development, advertising and sales. Internet marketing methods include search engine marketing, display advertising, e-mail marketing, affiliate marketing, interactive advertising, online reputation management and also Social Media Marketing Methods such as blog marketing, and viral marketing.
Internet marketing is the process of growing and promoting an organization using online media. Internet marketing does not simply mean 'building a website' or 'promoting a website'. Somewhere behind that website is a real organization with real goals.
An Internet marketing strategy includes all aspects of online advertising online activity that promotes a company online, including websites, blog sites, article and press releases, online market research, email marketing, and advertising, as appropriate for the promotion of ones' business.
Internet marketing is associated with several business models. The model is typically defined by the goal. These include e-commerce, where goods are sold directly to consumers or businesses; publishing, or the sale of advertising; and lead-based sites, where an organization generates value by getting sales leads from their site. There are many other models based on the specific needs of each person or business that launches an internet marketing campaign.
Internet marketing refers to the placement of media along different stages of the Customer engagement Cycle, through Search Engine Marketing, Search Engine Optimization, Banner Ads on specific sites, email marketing and Web 2.0 strategies. In 2008, The New York Times working with comScore published a first estimate to quantify the user data collected by large Web companies. Counting four types of interactions with company sites plus the hits from ads served from advertising networks, they found the potential for collecting upwards of 2,500 pieces of data on average per user per month.
nternet marketing is relatively inexpensive. Companies can reach a wide audience for a small fraction of traditional advertising budgets. The nature of the medium allows consumers to research and purchase procts and services at their own convenience: An internet marketing campaign puts an organization's message in front of consumers precisely when they want it.
However, internet marketing isn't a panacea. It still requires intelligent planning and careful execution. Emphasize business goals and use methods such as CVP analysis when determining strategy and the overall effectiveness of marketing campaigns.
There are a few important characteristics that differentiate Internet marketing from "off-line marketing":
- One-to-one vs. one-to-many approach: The targeted user is typically browsing the Internet on their own, and the marketing messages reach them personally. This can be very clearly seen in search marketing, where the users find advertisements targeted to specific keywords that the users asked for(1).
- Demographics targeting vs. behavioral targeting: off-line marketers typically segment their markets according to age group, sex, geography, and other general factors. Online marketers have the luxury of targeting by activity. This is a deeper form of targeting, since the advertiser knows that the target audience are people who do a certain activity (upload pictures, have blogs, etc.) instead of just expecting that a certain group of people will like their new proct or service.
- Measurability: Almost all aspects of an online campaign can be traced, measured, and tested. The advertisers either pay per banner impression (CPM), pay per click (PPC), or pay per action accomplished. Therefore, it is easy to understand which messages or offering are more appealing to the audience.
- Response and immediate results: Since the online marketing initiatives usually require users to click on the message, go to a website, and perform a targeted action, the results of campaigns are immediately measured and tracked. On the other hand, someone driving a car who sees a billboard, will at best be interested and might decide to get more information at some time.
Internet marketing, as of 2007, is growing faster than other types of media.Since exposure, response and overall efficiency of Internet media is easier to track than traditional "off-line" media, through the use of web analytics for instance, Internet marketing can offer a greater sense of accountability for advertisers. Increasingly, however, marketers and their clients are becoming aware of the need to measure the collaborative effects of marketing, i.e. how the Internet affects in-store sales, etc., instead of siloing each medium. The effects of Multi-Channel Marketing can be difficult to determine, but are an important part of ascertaining the value of media campaigns.
Because Internet marketing requires customers to use newer technologies than traditional media, not all people may get the message. Low speed Internet connections are one barrier. If companies build overly large or complicated web pages, some Internet users struggle to download the information on dial up connections or mobile devices.
From the buyer's perspective, another limitation is the inability of shoppers to touch, smell, taste or try-on tangible goods before making an online purchase. However, it is an instry standard for e-commerce vendors to have liberal return policies and in store pick up services to reassure customers.
A survey of 410 marketing executives listed insufficient ability to measure impact, a lack of internal capability, and difficulty convincing senior management as the top three barriers to entry for large companies looking to market online. 
 Security concerns
For both companies and consumers that participate in online business, security concerns are very important. Many consumers are hesitant to buy items over the Internet because they do not trust that their personal information will remain private. Recently, some companies that do business online have been caught giving away or selling information about their customers. Several of these companies have guarantees on their websites, claiming customer information will be private. Some companies that buy customer information offer the option for indivials to have their information removed from the database (known as opting out). However, many customers are unaware that their information is being shared and are unable to stop the transfer of their information between companies.
Security concerns are of great importance and online companies have been working hard to create solutions. Encryption is one of the main methods for dealing with privacy and security concerns on the Internet. Encryption is defined as the conversion of data into a form called a cipher. This cipher cannot be easily intercepted unless an indivial is authorized by the program or company that completed the encryption. In general, the stronger the cipher, the better protected the data is. However, the stronger the cipher, the more expensive encryption becomes.
Another major security concern that consumers have with ecommerce merchants is whether or not they will receive exactly what they purchase. Trustworthy, reliable merchant performance has been a consumer concern since the inception of ecommerce, and to date, merchants have attempted to address these concerns by investing in and building strong consumer brands (Amazon, eBay, Overstock.com), and by leveraging merchant / feedback rating systems and ecommerce bonding solutions. All of these solutions attempt to assure consumers that their transactions will be free of problems because the merchants can be trusted to provide reliable procts and services. In addition, the major online payment mechanisms (credit cards, PayPal, Google Checkout, etc.) have also provided back-end buyer protection systems to address problems after they actually do occur.
 Effects on instries
Internet marketing has had a large impact on several instries including music, banking, and flea markets, as well as the advertising instry itself. As Advertisers increase and shift more of their budgets online, it is now overtaking radio in terms of market share. In the music instry, many consumers have begun buying and downloading music files (e.g. MP3s) over the Internet in addition to buying CDs.
More and more banks are offering the ability to perform banking tasks online. Online banking is believed to appeal to customers because it is more convenient than visiting bank branches. Currently, over 150 million U.S. alts now bank online, with a high growth rate. The increasing speed of Internet connections is the main reason for the fast growth. Of those indivials who use the Internet, 44% now perform banking activities over the Internet.
Internet auctions have gained popularity. Unique items that could previously be found at flea markets are being sold on eBay instead. eBay has also affected the prices in the instry. Buyers and sellers often look at prices on the website before going to flea markets and the eBay price often becomes what the item is sold for. More and more flea market sellers are putting their items up for sale online and running their business out of their homes.
The effect on the ad instry itself has been profound. In just a few years, online advertising has grown to be worth tens of billions of dollars annually. PricewaterhouseCoopers reported US Internet marketing spend totalled $16.9 billion in 2006 .